The Road To Victory-Scoring And Victory Conditions In Shiai Judo
At some point in your Judo journey, you very well may find yourself going to a Judo Tournament, or “Shiai”. You may go as a participant or you may go as an observer. By this time, you most likely have a good idea of what you’re trying to accomplish at practice. Now, we’re talking about using your skills in a sports setting. Because of this, you may want to familiarize yourself with a new aspect of Judo: Scoring and victory conditions.
The Main Goal of Shiai Judo
So what is your goal in a Judo Shiai? Of course “Win” is the obvious answer, but How do you do that? Outscore your opponent would be the next answer, but how do you do that? In Judo, the typical victory condition is accomplished with Nage Waza, or Throwing Techniques. Just like all other grappling and combat sports there is a main way to win- boxing has the knockout, wrestling has the pin, Brazilian Jiu Jitsu has the submission, and Judo has Nage Waza.
Other Victory Conditions
However, there are also other ways to win as well. You have most likely been shown other techniques in the Dojo other than Nage Waza that are also very much a part of the Martial Art of Judo. These techniques are a major part of Shiai Judo as well. These other techniques will also merit you a victory. For instance, Osaekomi Waza, or Hold Down Techniques are a way to win, especially for beginners. If you are over the age of 13, you can add Shime Waza, or Strangulations/Chokes to the list. Then, Kansetsu Waza, or Armlocks for the higher ranked Judoka (Sankyu/Third Degree Brown Belt and higher). If time in the round expires, Yusei Gachi, or Referee’s Decision/Overall Score will determine a winner. Finally Hansokomake, or Disqualification and you’ve pretty much covered the various ways you can achieve victory.
The next couple of pages in this article will go into further details on all these subjects, but before I go on, I want you to emphasize the main point of this article is not to go over strategy and tactics, but rather to give you an idea of what’s going on on that scoreboard and what the conditions of victory are rather than how you can achieve them. What the referee, the competing Judoka and the competing Judoka’s Sensei’s roles are will be subjects for future articles. What I am going to go over are what the various scores and their scoring values are (Part 1, Scoring), and I’ll be taking a closer look at how to achieve the various win conditions in Judo Shiai (Part 2 Victory Conditions).